Category Archives: Picture of the day

Birds of Sri Lanka: Cyornis tickelliae jerdoni

Cyornis tickelliae jerdoni (Tickell’s blue flycatcher/Orange-breasted Blue Flycatcher/Tickell’s Niltava)

Cyornis tickelliae

Tickell’s blue flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family. This is an insectivorous species which breeds in tropical Asia, from the Indian Subcontinent eastwards to Southeast Asia. Its range stretches across all the countries from India to Indonesia. They are blue on the upper parts and the throat and breast are rufous. They are found in dense scrub to forest habitats. The name commemorates the British ornithologist Samuel Tickell who collected in India and Burma (Source: Wikipedia)

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Post-Penumbral Moon

Post-Penumbral Moon


Penumbral Moon

A total penumbral eclipse is a lunar eclipse that occurs when the moon becomes completely immersed in the penumbral cone of the Earth without touching the umbra.

It is a narrow path for the moon to pass within the penumbra and outside the umbra. It can happen on the Earth’s northern or southern penumbral edges. In addition, the size of the penumbra is sometimes too small where the moon enters it to contain the moon. The width of the Earth’s penumbra is determined by the sun’s angular diameter at the time of the eclipse, and the moon’s angular diameter is larger than the sun over part of its elliptical orbit, depending on whether the eclipse occurs at its nearest (perigee) or farthest point (apogee) in its orbit around the earth. The majority of the time, the size of the moon and the size of the Earth’s penumbra where the moon crosses it mean that most eclipses will not be total penumbral in nature. (Source: Wikipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Pycnonotus cafer

Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul/කොන්ඩ කුරුල්ලා/Konda kurulla)

Pycnonotus cafer

The red-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) is a member of the bulbul family of passerines. It is resident breeder across the Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka extending east to Burma and parts of Tibet. It has been introduced in many other parts of the world and has established itself in the wild on several Pacific islands including Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, and Hawaii. It has also established itself in parts of Dubai, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, the United States, Argentina and New Zealand. It is included in the list of the world’s 100 worst invasive alien species. – Source: Wikipedia

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Birds of Sri Lanka : Acridotheres tristis

Acridotheres tristis (The common myna )

Acridotheres tristis


The common myna (Acridotheres tristis), sometimes spelled mynah, also sometimes known as “Indian myna”, is a member of the family Sturnidae (starlings and mynas) native to Asia. An omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct, the myna has adapted extremely well to urban environments.

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Leptocoma zeylonica

Leptocoma zeylonica (purple-rumped sunbird)

Leptocoma zeylonica

The purple-rumped sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica) is a sunbird endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. Like other sunbirds, they are small in size, feeding mainly on nectar but sometimes take insects, particularly when feeding young. They can hover for short durations but usually perch to suck nectar from flowers. They build a hanging pouch nest made up of cobwebs, lichens and plant material. Males are brightly coloured but females are olive above and yellow to buff below. Males are easily distinguished from the purple sunbird by the light coloured underside while females can be told apart by their whitish throats (Source: Wikipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Megalaima flavifrons

Megalaima flavifrons (Ran Nalal Kottoruwa /Mukalan Kottoruwa /Yellow-fronted Barbet)

Megalaima flavifrons


The yellow-fronted barbet (Psilopogon flavifrons) is an Asian barbet which is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. Barbets and toucans are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. The barbets get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Yellow-fronted barbet is an arboreal species of forests and other woodland, including large gardens, which eats mainly small fruit and only rarely insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-3 eggs.This is a medium-sized barbet at 21 cm. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult yellow-fronted barbet has a mainly green body and wing plumage, with a scaly appearance to the breast. It has a blue face and throat, and a yellow crown and moustachial stripes.

The call is a rolling kow-kow-kow-kow (Source: WIkipedia)

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Spiders of Sri Lanka: Portia labiata

Portia labiata (Jumping Spider)


Portia labiata

Portia labiata is a jumping spider (family Salticidae) found in Sri Lanka, India, southern China, Burma (Myanmar), Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Sumatra and the Philippines. In this medium-sized jumping spider, the front part is orange-brown and the back part is brownish. The conspicuous main eyes provide vision more acute than a cat’s during the day and 10 times more acute than a dragonfly’s,and this is essential in P. labiata′s navigation, hunting and mating. (Source: WIkipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Chrysocolaptes stricklandi

Chrysocolaptes stricklandi (Kottoruwa/ crimson-backed flameback)

Chrysocolaptes stricklandi


The crimson-backed flameback (Chrysocolaptes stricklandi) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found on Sri Lanka. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the greater flameback. (Source: Wikipedia)

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Spilopelia chinensis

Spilopelia chinensis (Alu Kobeiya/  Spotted Dove ) 

Spilopelia chinensis


The spotted dove (Spilopelia chinensis) is a small and somewhat long-tailed pigeon which is a common resident breeding bird across its native range on the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The species has been introduced into many parts of the world and feral populations have become established. This species was formerly included in the genus Streptopelia with other turtle-doves, but studies suggest that they differ from typical members of that genus. This dove is long tailed buff brown with a white-spotted black collar patch on the back and sides of the neck. The tail tips are white and the wing coverts have light buff spots. There are considerable plumage variations across populations within its wide range. The species is found in light forests and gardens as well as in urban areas. They fly from the ground with an explosive flutter and will sometimes glide down to a perch. It is sometimes also called the mountain dove, pearl-necked dove or lace-necked dove.

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Psittacula krameri

Psittacula krameri (Raana Girawa/Mala Girawa]/Rose-ringed Parakeet)

Psittacula krameri


The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a gregarious tropical Afro-Asian parakeet species that has an extremely large range.

The rose-ringed parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a red or black neck ring and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings. Both sexes have a distinctive green colour. Rose-ringed parakeets measure on average 40 cm (16 in) in length, including the tail feathers, a large portion of their total length. Their average single-wing length is about 15–17.5 cm (5.9–6.9 in). In the wild, this is a noisy species with an unmistakable squawking call. It is herbivorous and not migratory.

One of the few parrot species that have successfully adapted to living in disturbed habitats, it has withstood the onslaught of urbanisation and deforestation. As a popular pet species, escaped birds have colonised a number of cities around the world. Since the population appears to be increasing, the species was evaluated as being of least concern by the IUCN in 2012, but its popularity as a pet and unpopularity with farmers have both reduced its numbers in some parts of its native range.

The genus name Psittacula is a diminutive of Latin psittacus, “parrot”, and the specific krameri commemorates the Austrian naturalist Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer.

Photographic Info;

1/400 sec at f/6.3
340 mm, ISO 500
Nikon D90 & Sigma 50-500mm

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