Birds of Sri Lanka: Leptocoma zeylonica

Leptocoma zeylonica (purple-rumped sunbird)

Leptocoma zeylonica

The purple-rumped sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica) is a sunbird endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. Like other sunbirds, they are small in size, feeding mainly on nectar but sometimes take insects, particularly when feeding young. They can hover for short durations but usually perch to suck nectar from flowers. They build a hanging pouch nest made up of cobwebs, lichens and plant material. Males are brightly coloured but females are olive above and yellow to buff below. Males are easily distinguished from the purple sunbird by the light coloured underside while females can be told apart by their whitish throats (Source: Wikipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Megalaima flavifrons

Megalaima flavifrons (Ran Nalal Kottoruwa /Mukalan Kottoruwa /Yellow-fronted Barbet)

Megalaima flavifrons


The yellow-fronted barbet (Psilopogon flavifrons) is an Asian barbet which is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. Barbets and toucans are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. The barbets get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Yellow-fronted barbet is an arboreal species of forests and other woodland, including large gardens, which eats mainly small fruit and only rarely insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-3 eggs.This is a medium-sized barbet at 21 cm. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult yellow-fronted barbet has a mainly green body and wing plumage, with a scaly appearance to the breast. It has a blue face and throat, and a yellow crown and moustachial stripes.

The call is a rolling kow-kow-kow-kow (Source: WIkipedia)

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Spiders of Sri Lanka: Portia labiata

Portia labiata (Jumping Spider)


Portia labiata

Portia labiata is a jumping spider (family Salticidae) found in Sri Lanka, India, southern China, Burma (Myanmar), Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Sumatra and the Philippines. In this medium-sized jumping spider, the front part is orange-brown and the back part is brownish. The conspicuous main eyes provide vision more acute than a cat’s during the day and 10 times more acute than a dragonfly’s,and this is essential in P. labiata′s navigation, hunting and mating. (Source: WIkipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Chrysocolaptes stricklandi

Chrysocolaptes stricklandi (Kottoruwa/ crimson-backed flameback)

Chrysocolaptes stricklandi


The crimson-backed flameback (Chrysocolaptes stricklandi) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found on Sri Lanka. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the greater flameback. (Source: Wikipedia)

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Spilopelia chinensis

Spilopelia chinensis (Alu Kobeiya/  Spotted Dove ) 

Spilopelia chinensis


The spotted dove (Spilopelia chinensis) is a small and somewhat long-tailed pigeon which is a common resident breeding bird across its native range on the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The species has been introduced into many parts of the world and feral populations have become established. This species was formerly included in the genus Streptopelia with other turtle-doves, but studies suggest that they differ from typical members of that genus. This dove is long tailed buff brown with a white-spotted black collar patch on the back and sides of the neck. The tail tips are white and the wing coverts have light buff spots. There are considerable plumage variations across populations within its wide range. The species is found in light forests and gardens as well as in urban areas. They fly from the ground with an explosive flutter and will sometimes glide down to a perch. It is sometimes also called the mountain dove, pearl-necked dove or lace-necked dove.

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Psittacula krameri

Psittacula krameri (Raana Girawa/Mala Girawa]/Rose-ringed Parakeet)

Psittacula krameri


The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a gregarious tropical Afro-Asian parakeet species that has an extremely large range.

The rose-ringed parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a red or black neck ring and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings. Both sexes have a distinctive green colour. Rose-ringed parakeets measure on average 40 cm (16 in) in length, including the tail feathers, a large portion of their total length. Their average single-wing length is about 15–17.5 cm (5.9–6.9 in). In the wild, this is a noisy species with an unmistakable squawking call. It is herbivorous and not migratory.

One of the few parrot species that have successfully adapted to living in disturbed habitats, it has withstood the onslaught of urbanisation and deforestation. As a popular pet species, escaped birds have colonised a number of cities around the world. Since the population appears to be increasing, the species was evaluated as being of least concern by the IUCN in 2012, but its popularity as a pet and unpopularity with farmers have both reduced its numbers in some parts of its native range.

The genus name Psittacula is a diminutive of Latin psittacus, “parrot”, and the specific krameri commemorates the Austrian naturalist Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer.

Photographic Info;

1/400 sec at f/6.3
340 mm, ISO 500
Nikon D90 & Sigma 50-500mm

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Centropus sinensis

Centropus sinensis (Ati Kukula/ Greater Coucal/ Southern Coucal / Common Coucal)

Centropus sinensis

The greater coucal or crow pheasant (Centropus sinensis), is a large non-parasitic member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes. A widespread resident in Asia, from India, east to south China, Nepal and Indonesia, it is divided into several subspecies, some being treated as full species. They are large, crow-like with a long tail and coppery brown wings and found in wide range of habitats from jungle to cultivation and urban gardens. They are weak fliers, and are often seen clambering about in vegetation or walking on the ground as they forage for insects, eggs and nestlings of other birds. They have a familiar deep resonant call which is associated with omens in many parts of its range. (Source: Wikipedia)

Photographic info:

1/640 Sec at f /6.3
500 mm, ISO 400


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Birds of Sri Lanka: Oriolus xanthornus

Oriolus xanthornus (Kaha Kurulla/ The black-hooded oriole)

Oriolus xanthornus


The black-hooded oriole (Oriolus xanthornus) is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. It is a bird of open woodland and cultivation. The nest is built in a tree, and contains two eggs. Its food is insects and fruit, especially figs, found in the tree canopies where they spend much of their time. The male is striking, with the typical oriole black and yellow colouration. The plumage is predominantly yellow, with a solid black hood, and black also in the wings and tail centre. The female black-hooded oriole is a drabber bird with greenish underparts, but still has the black hood. Young birds are like the female, but have dark streaking on the underparts, and their hood is not solidly black, especially on the throat. The black head of this species is an obvious distinction from Indian golden oriole, Oriolus kundoo, which is a summer visitor to northern India. Orioles can be shy, and even the male may be difficult to see in the dappled yellow and green leaves of the canopy. The black-hooded oriole’s flight is somewhat like a thrush, strong and direct with some shallow dips over longer distances. (Source: Wikipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka: Terpsiphone paradisi

 Terpsiphone paradisi (Sivuru Hora/ Indian paradise flycatcher)

Terpsiphone paradisi

Indian paradise flycatcher



The Indian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) is a medium-sized passerine bird native to Asia that is widely distributed. As the global population is considered stable, it has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2004. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Myanmar.

Males have elongated central tail feathers, and a black and rufous plumage in some populations, while others have white plumage. Females are short-tailed with rufous wings and a black head. Indian paradise flycatchers feed on insects, which they capture in the air often below a densely canopied tree.  (Source: Wikipedia)

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Birds of Sri Lanka : Pitta brachyura

Pitta brachyura (Avichchiya/Indian pitta)

Indian pitta

Pitta brachyura

The Indian pitta (Pitta brachyura) is a passerine bird native to the Indian subcontinent. It inhabits scrub jungle, deciduous and dense evergreen forest. Breeding in the forests of the Himalayas, hills of central and western India, they migrate to other parts of the peninsula in winter. Although very colourful, they are usually shy and hidden in the undergrowth where they hop and pick insects on the forest floor. They have a distinctive two note whistling call which may be heard at dawn and dusk.It is considered Least Concern by IUCN as its range is very large.    (Source: Wikipedia)

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